واکاوی اثرات محیط نهادی درون بنگاه‌ها بر توسعه خوشه‌های صنعتی مورد پژوهی: خوشه‌های صنعتی سنگ منطقه کلان‌شهری اصفهان

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 استادیار گروه شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان

چکیده

هدف این مقاله، واکاوی اثرات محیط نهادی درون بنگاه­ها بر توسعه خوشه­های صنعتی سنگ منطقه کلان‌شهری اصفهان (شامل چهار خوشه محمودآباد، نجف­آباد، دولت­آباد و خمینی­شهر) است تا میزان این اثرات از بعد شدت و مطلوبیت مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گیرد. در این راستا، از روش کتابخانه­ای و میدانی (ابزار پرسشنامه­ای) برای جمع‌آوری داده­ها و از فن تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مرتبه دوم و تکنیک تبدیل مقیاس خطی برای تحلیل داده­ها بهره گرفته شده است. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده بیانگر آن است که علی­رغم وجود پتانسیل تأثیرگذاری محیط نهادی خوشه­های صنعتی منتخب بر توسعه آن خوشه­ها، محیط نهادی مذکور در زمینه­های مختلف (شامل قوانین و قواعد خاص بنگاه­ها، ویژگی‌های مدیران بنگاه­ها، ویژگی­های کارکنان بنگاه­ها و وضعیت ارتباط مابین کنشگران بنگاه‌ها) دارای تأثیرگذاری بسیار مطلوب نبوده و این تأثیرگذاری در حد متوسط مانده است. علاوه ­براین، در محیط نهادی بنگاه­های خوشه‌های صنعتی سنگ منطقه کلان‌شهری اصفهان، «وضوح چشم‌انداز و هدف بنگاه برای مدیران» نسبت به «وضوح چشم‌انداز و هدف بنگاه برای کارکنان»، «آگاهی کارکنان از فعالیت‌های محوله» نسبت به «دید کارکنان نسبت به فعالیت محوله»، «آگاهی مدیران از فعالیت‌های محوله» نسبت به «دید مدیران نسبت به فعالیت محوله» و «ارتباط مابین مدیران و کارکنان بنگاه‌ها» نسبت به «ارتباط مابین کارکنان»، نقش بیشتری در توسعه خوشه‌های منتخب داشته‌اند؛ لذا بر این اساس می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که محیط نهادی خوشه­های منتخب هنوز به‌ویژه در زمینه کارکنان در سطح جنینی قرار گرفته است و لذا نیازمند اقدامات بهبود بخشی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Enterprises Institutional Environment on Industrial Clusters Development Case Study: Stone Industrial Clusters of Isfahan Metropolitan Region

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammadhasan sharifzadeghan 1
  • homayoon noraee 2
چکیده [English]

The aim of this paper is to analysis of the enterprises institutional environment impacts on stone industrial clusters development of Isfahan metropolitan region (Mahmmoudabad, Najafabad, Dolatabad, and Khomeinishahr) in order to determine what extent is the impacts of enterprises institutional environment on stone industrial clusters development of Isfahan metropolitan region in term of its intensity and desirability. In this regard, the literature about “industrial clusters”, “institutional environment” and “the role of institutional environment on industrial clusters” were reviewed and a multi stage sampling method (stratified random sampling and systematic sampling methods) were used for data collection. Then, second order confirmatory factor analysis (as one of the structural equation modeling techniques) and linear scaling transformation technique were used for data anlysis. The results show that despite the potential influence of enterprises institutional environment on stone industrial clusters development of Isfahan metropolitan region, the enterprises institutional environment of selected industrial clusters have not still a very favorable impact in "enterprises regulations status", "enterprises worker’s characteristics", "enterprises manager’s characteristics" and "relationship between workers and managers status" and the impact remains in moderate level. In addition, "vision and goal clarification for managers", "awarenaess of workers about their work", "awarenaess of managers about their work" and "the relationships between managers and workers" have more role than "vision and goal clarification for workers", "workers satisfaction about their work", "managers satisfaction about their work", and "workers relationships" on the industrial clusters development within enterprises institutional environment respectively. Thus, it can be said that the institutional environment of selected industrial clusters is still at the primary level especially in workers status and need improving actions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Industrial Clusters
  • Institutional environment
  • Stone Industry
  • Isfahan Metropolitan Region

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