(مقاله پژوهشی) بررسی ارتباط میان فقر، توزیع درآمد و رشد اقتصادی در ایران (با رویکرد فازی)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

2 دکتری اقتصاد، دانشکدۀ اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

10.22084/aes.2021.23461.3239

چکیده

این مقاله تحت منطق فازی چارچوبی تحلیلی با هدف ارزیابی رابطه بین فقر، توزیع درآمد و رشد اقتصادی ارائه می‌دهد. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که ارتباط مثبتی میان رشد اقتصادی و فقر برقرار است. به‌عبارت دیگر رشد اقتصادی تأثیرات منفی بر کاهش فقر در ایران داشته است. نتایج محاسباتی مبتنی‌بر منطق فازی در ایران نشان می‌دهد که ایده‌آل‌ترین شرایط زمانی به‌وجود می‌آید که رشد اقتصادی به‌طور میانگین 8 درصد باشد و ضریب جینی نزدیک به 38.5 درصد است. براساس نظریه‌های اقتصادی، رشد اقتصادی بالا می‌تواند ازطریق گسترش اندازۀ بازارها و هم‌چنین ایجاد محرک‌های لازم برای ارتقاء درآمد همۀ گروه‌های کم‌درآمد جامعه فرصت‌های بیشتری برای افزایش درآمد جامعه فراهم کند. در این شرایط، تولیدکنندگان در پاسخ به فرصت‌های نوظهور خواستار نیروی کار بیشتر در بازارها هستند تا این مسأله از طریق جذب مازاد نیروی کار وحتی بهبود دستمزدها، نقش چشمگیری در کاهش فقر داشته باشد. به‌عبارتی، پرسش اساسی مقاله، مقابله با این مسأله است که آیا رشد اقتصادی و توزیع درآمد بر فقر در ایران تأثیر داشته است؟ در ابتدا، برای پاسخ به این پرسش، از یک رگرسیون فازی برای تحلیل ارتباط بین متغیرها استفاده می‌کنیم و سپس می‌خواهیم رابطۀ بین فقر، برابری درآمد و رشد اقتصادی را براساس چارچوب تحلیلی منطق فازی ارزیابی کنیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Relationship between Poverty, Income Distribution and Economic Growth in Iran (FLSR Fuzzy approach)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammadnabi Shahiakitash 1
  • Sedighe Alizadeh 2
1 Associate professor, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Faculty of Economic and Management, Zahedan, Iran
2 . Ph.D. in Economics, Department of Economics University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Faculty of Economic and Management, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Eliminating poverty and reducing income inequality is the most difficult task of economic policy making when considered with an economic growth. Therefore, the impacts of economic growth and development on income distribution largely depend on the growth model. Thus, determining an effect of economic growth on poverty is uncertain and relies on its country's growth pattern. The basic question of this paper which we are looking for is that have economic growth and income distribution had an impact on the poverty in Iran? To respond the question, we employed fuzzy regression for analyzing the variables relationship. The article also under the fuzzy logic presents an analytical framework at the aim of appraising the relationship between poverty, income distribution and economic growth. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the economic growth and poverty, in other words the economic growth has had negative impacts on the poverty reduction in Iran. Computational results based on fuzzy logic in Iran implies that the most ideal conditions come when the economic growth is 8 percent on overage and Gini coefficient is nearly 38.5 percent.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Poverty
  • Income Distribution
  • Economic growth
  • Fuzzy Logic
  • Fuzzy Regression
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