آزمون پارادوکس استرلین در چارچوب فرضیۀ نفرین منابع: مورد مطالعاتی کشورهای عضو اوپک

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای اقتصاد، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی ، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

10.22084/aes.2020.23088.3201

چکیده

دستیابی به خوشبختی همیشه یکی از اهدافی است که توسط جوامع بشری دنبال می‌شود و مورد توجه بسیاری از سیاست‌گذاران، اندیشمندان و محققان قرار گرفته است. در همین حال، رابطۀ بین درآمد نفت و خوشبختی در کشورهای صادرکنندۀ نفت موضوع مهمی است که به‌ندرت مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. بنابراین، هدف مقالۀ حاضر آزمایش پارادوکس ایسترلین با استفاده از فرضیۀ نفرین منابع و بررسی تأثیر آستانۀ رانت نفت بر خوشبختی در کشورهای اوپک در دورۀ 2005-2016 است. برای این منظور ، عوامل مؤثر بر خوشبختی با استفاده از مدل پانل آستانه پویا مدل‌سازی شدند. نتایج برآورد نشان‌داده است که پارادوکس ایسترلین در کشورهای اوپک وجود دارد. به‌عبارت دیگر، ابتدا افزایش نسبت رانت نفت به تولید ناخالص داخلی موجب بهبود شادی در کشورهای نفتی شده است و پس از عبور از حد آستانۀ 43%، افزایش نسبت رانت نفت به تولید ناخالص داخلی موجب کاهش شادی در این کشورها شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Testing the Easterlin Paradox in the Framework of Resource Curse Hypothesis: A Case Study of the OPEC Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Haniyeh Sedaghat Kalmarzi 1
  • Shahram Fattahi 2
  • Kiomars Sohaili 2
1 Ph.D. in Economics,, Department of Economics,, Faculty of Social Science,, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Science, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

Achieving happiness has been always one of the goals pursued by human societies that has attracted the attention of many policy makers, thinkers and researchers. Meanwhile, the relationship between the oil revenues and happiness in the oil-exporting countries is an important subject that has rarely been noted. Therefore, the purpose of the present paper is to test the Easterlin paradox using resource curse hypothesis and to investigate the threshold effect of oil rent on happiness in OPEC countries in the period 2005-2016. For this purpose, the factors affecting happiness were modeled using dynamic threshold panel model. The estimation results have shown that the Easterlin paradox exists in OPEC countries. In other words, first, the increase in the ratio of oil revenues to GDP has improved happiness in oil-producing countries, and after exceeding the 43% threshold, increasing the ratio of oil revenues to GDP has reduced happiness in these countries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • happiness
  • Resource Curse Hypothesis
  • Easterlin Paradox
  • Dynamic Threshold Panel Model
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