Factors affecting poverty in women heads of households with emphasis on health indicators

Document Type : Research Article


1 Economic Development and Planning, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Economic Development and Planning, Faculty of Management & Economics, Tarbiat Modares University

3 Department of Agricultural Economics, Economic Research Institute, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

4 research Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran



Poverty is an evident deprivation of well-being. Achieving gender equality is considered one of the key goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and women play a very important role both as a workforce and as the primary source of nurturing and maintaining the health of children and families. Various research results indicate that factors affecting women's poverty differ from those affecting men, and health indicators have not been adequately addressed. The aim of this research is to identify the variables affecting poverty in female-headed households with an emphasis on health indicators. The research period is from 2011 to 2021, and data on 92 factors influencing women's poverty in terms of health factors, political factors, individual factors, cultural-social factors, economic factors, and other factors were examined using Bayesian non-linear models. Based on the error rate, the BMA model had the highest accuracy. After estimating the model, 17 variables including personal payments, catastrophic health expenditure, DALYs index, health poverty index, health justice, housing rent or mortgage, deprived provinces, border provinces, divorce due to widowhood, human capital, corruption, sanctions, unemployment rate, economic growth rate, inflation, and urbanization ratio were identified as effective variables. Considering that economic growth (negative impact) and inflation (positive impact) have the highest impact on women's poverty, supply-side policies such as improving the business environment and labor market conditions can have the greatest impact on reducing women's poverty. Also, policies such as helping to build, buy and retrofit housing for women heads of households; Housing deposit assistance for female heads of households should be considered.


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