The Effect of Monetary and Fiscal Policies on the Ecological Footprint in Iran

Document Type : Research Article


1 Economic Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran

2 University of kurdistan

3 Department of Economics, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran



One of the most important challenges of societies in the last few decades is the destructive and repeated activities of humans to destroy the environment. The ecological footprint is the latest index that measures the amount of influence and involvement of humans in the issue of climate change as well as their negative impact on the environment. The economic policies adopted by societies have a significant effect on the process of ecological footprint. Monetary and Fiscal Policies are among the most important policies that, in addition to affecting the productive and economic activities of society, also affect the environment. Therefore, the main porpuse of this study is to investigate the effect of monetary and Fiscal policies on the ecological footprint in Iran during the period from 1980 to 2021 and using the structural vector autoregression method. The liquidity, the government's final consumption expenditures have been used as monetary and Fiscal policy tools respectively, and economic growth, urbanization and foreign direct investment have been used as control variables. The results of this research show that foreign direct investment and urbanization have a negative and significant impact on the ecological footprint. Also, economic growth, monetary policy, Fiscal policy and the dependent variable itself have a positive and significant effect on the ecological footprint and lead to an increase in the ecological footprint during the mentioned time period. On the other hand, Fiscal policy impulses in the long term have turned into an increase in ecological rejection in Iran. the results of variance analysis in the 10th period show that monetary policy explains 6.70% and Fiscal policy 24.06% of changes in the dependent variable.


Main Subjects