The Evaluation of the Free Trade Zones Effects on Provincial Value-Added Using the Synthetic Control Method

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. student in Economic Sciences, Department of Economics, Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran


In this study, due to the contradictory statements and the lack of studies on quantifying the effects of creating free zones on economic variables, the impact of this policy on the total economic value added in the provinces of West, East, Khuzestan and Gilan using the synthetic control method (SCM) has been examined. According to the results, the establishment of the Arvand Free Zone initially had a net positive effect. Then, from 1394, the net effect of policy become negative. Finally, the impact of policy on average in the whole period, has been about 8% of province value added. For Anzali Free Zone, according to the results, the average impact of policy is about 14%. After the enlargement of Anzali region in 1392, the impact of this policy increases to 30% per year. For Aras and Mako Free Zones, the impact of politics has been negative. The average effect of the policy for East Azerbaijan is (-4.5) percent and for West Azerbaijan is about (-4.7) percent per year. 


Main Subjects

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