Study of Spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment in industrial sector to the Iranian economy as a whole by applying a CGE Model



In today’s world economy, the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) in enhancing economic growth and development is undeniable. The direct effects of foreign investments consist of: increase in capital stock, production, employment and welfare of the society.  Foreign investments generate also indirect effects in the form of spillovers which stimulate the productivity of recipient countries’ firms.  In this paper we are evaluating both direct and indirect effects of FDI entrance in one sector and its ensuing effects on other sectors of the economy.  To observe these effects we have initiated a hypothetical scenario where the volume of foreign investment has doubled instantly in the industrial sector of Iran. Then through our Computable general equilibrium (CGE) model we have estimated the outcome of this boost in investment, on macro level variables such as GDP, Export and trade balance.